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The 10 most important inventions of Leonardo Da Vinci

  His devotion to the ideal of measurement is manifested in the scientific instruments that he tried to improve or design, such as a clock, a hygrometer similar to that of Cusa to measure the humidity of the atmosphere, a pedometer similar to that of Heron to measure the outside of the wind. . It is said that Leonardo made an alarm clock design that many considered more of a joke than a serious project. It consisted of a round saucer supported by a tube that functioned as a two-armed lever. At the other end of the tube there was a flat saucer containing water, from this end came a rope that was tied to the feet of the sleeper. When the round saucer was half full, it was heavier than the plane, and it made the plane oscillate, pouring the water through the tube to the round saucer and pulling violently on the rope attached to the ankle of the "sleeping beauty."



The 10 most important inventions of Leonardo are:


  • Centrifugal pump

  • Stock barrel

  • Belt transmission

  • Construction dredger

  • Link chain

  • Endless screw

  • Compass

  • Device for winding and twisting the thread

  • Spindle

  • Parachute


Leonardo and engineering ...


There are many inventions attributed to Leonardo, from a design for the manufacture of a helicopter (model equipped with rotating wings equipped with shock absorbers to achieve a smooth landing) or a motor vehicle to the common bread grater, passing through a practical marble saw , a machine for manufacturing ropes, card hangers for hanging cloth, modern swing gates for locks, machines for carving screws and files; War machines such as the armored car, a vehicle operated by means of cranks that use muscular force, and equipped with a cone-shaped shell, submersible vessels (submarines) or suits for combat divers; a machine to polish mirrors, repeating rifles and a mobile crane that would facilitate construction work, managing to lift heavy loads; his floating excavator was trying to make the rivers navigable; its hot air mill, based on the principle of the paddle wheel and the use of residual heat, which is operated by a blade motor that, installed in a chimney, rotates as a result of the rise of hot combustion gases . The same system will be used in another of its machines, but making the motor move by water. It is a precedent for the flow meters invented later. However, none of these inventions passed the design stage, nor were they used, despite the fact that Leonardo not only designed extraordinary machines but also dealt with solving each and every one of the problems related to their construction.

Although Leonardo never carried out his thousand times alluded plan to write books on the different branches of his works, it is evident that he had a great influence. As a friend of princes and statesmen, he also got to know all the leading sages of his time. Undoubtedly, through them some of his ideas were saved, which years later would contribute to promoting the new development of science. If we had to choose a representative who embodied in himself the true spirit of the Renaissance, we would have to choose the figure of Leonardo da Vinci.